城市介绍(南京)

南京是江苏省省会,古老而又充满活力,历史文化名城和现代都市重合交融。曾被联合国授予“人居环境特别奖”,获全国十 […]

南京是江苏省省会,古老而又充满活力,历史文化名城和现代都市重合交融。曾被联合国授予“人居环境特别奖”,获全国十佳卫生城市、全国城市环境综合整治十佳城市、全国园林城市、优秀旅游城市、环保模范城市等荣誉称号。

Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province, the ancient and vibrant, historical and cultural city and a modern metropolis blend coincide. The United Nations has been awarded the "Habitat Environment Special Award", won the honorary title of National Top Ten Health City, the comprehensive improvement of urban environment ten cities nationwide, the National Garden City, outstanding tourist city, environmental protection model city and so on.

地理环境

Geographical environment

南京地处长江三角洲,距入海口380公里,为我国东西水运大动脉 长江与南北陆运大动脉京沪铁路的交汇点,素有“东南门户,南北咽喉”之称。南京处三面环山 , 一面临水山环水绕的河谷盆地,境内山峦环抱,湖川偎依,自然条件优越,物产丰富,属于北亚热带季风气候区,日照充分,雨量充沛。气候温和湿润是四季分明的旅游城市。

Nanjing Yangtze River Delta, 380 km away from the estuary, to the intersection of the main artery of the Yangtze River waterway stuff and north-south Beijing-Shanghai railway land aorta, known as the "gateway to the southeast, north and south of the throat," said. Nanjing place surrounded by mountains, facing the water mountain water ring around the valley basin, surrounded by the territory of mountains, lakes River snuggled superior natural conditions, rich, belonging to north subtropical monsoon climate, sunshine and abundant rainfall. It is mild and humid climate with four distinct seasons tourist city.

孙中山先生就曾经这样赞誉南京:“其位置乃在一美善之地区,其地有高山,有深水,有平原,此三种天工,钟毓一处,在世界中之大都市诚难觅此佳境也”。

Sun Yat-sen in Nanjing once this praise: "The position is a goodness in the region, which places high mountains, deep water, plains, three works of nature, a bell Yu, Cheng metropolis in the world of hard to find this nirvana too. "

229年孙权开创的东吴成为第一个在南京建都的朝代。317年,司马睿即位,东晋定都建康,此后,宋、齐、梁、陈陆续定都南京,故南京被称为六朝故都。六朝时建康城为当时世界上最大的城市,人口达百万。经济发达,文化繁盛,寺庙林立,“江南佳丽地,金陵帝王州”的景象传诵了千年。589年,隋灭陈。隋文帝置石建康城为蒋州,隋炀帝时改为丹阳郡。此后隋、唐两朝统治者将扬州治所自金陵迁至广陵,曾一度取消南京州一级的建制。南京它屡次承担过中华文明“救亡图存”的使命。一旦中原和北方遭到游牧民族的冲击,南京就会成为中原华夏文化的避难所,在江南保存了华夏文化之正朔。一旦国家重新恢复大一统的格局,华夏文明的传统即重新恢复于中原大地。

229 years pioneered Soochow Sun Quan became the first capital of the dynasty in Nanjing. 317, Sima Rui's reign, the Eastern Jin Dynasty capital Jiankang, then, Song, Qi, Liang and Chen have capital in Nanjing, it is known as the Six Dynasties ancient capital Nanjing. Six Dynasties Jiankang city as the world's largest city, with a population of one million. Economic development, cultural prosperity, temples everywhere, "Jiangnan Pageant, Jinling imperial state," the scene passed down for a thousand years. 589, Sui off Chen. Emperor Wen set 石建康 city of Chiang states, when Emperor to Danyang County. Thereafter Sui and Tang dynasties rulers moved to Guangling Yangzhou legacy from Jinling, Nanjing was once canceled formed at the state level. It has repeatedly undertaken Nanjing Chinese civilization "salvation" mission. Once the Central Plains and northern nomads have been the impact of Nanjing will become Huaxia cultural refuge in the southern Chinese culture preserved Zhengshuo. Once the country to regain the unified pattern, traditional Chinese civilization that is restored in the Central Plains.

937年,徐知诰(李昪)立国南唐,定都金陵,改金陵府为江宁府。南唐虽存世38年,经历了祖孙三代帝王,但亡国之君李煜的哀美之词对宋词的发展不无影响,“问君能有几多愁,恰是一江春水向东流”千年绝唱。

937, Xu Zhigao (Li Lei) Southern Tang statehood, capital of Nanking, Jinling change government for the Jiangning House. Although the Southern surviving for 38 years, it has experienced three generations of emperors, but the sad words of the United States Li Yu lost his country not without influence on the development of Song, "Memories can be misery, exactly is The Spring River Flows East" Millennium farewell.

1368年,朱元璋在应天称帝,定国号为明,以应天府为都城,南京第一次成为全国政治、经济、文化的中心,更为南京绮丽的史册添上浓墨的一笔。

In 1368, the emperor in Yingtian emperor, the country for the next set to be Tianfu capital, Nanjing first became a national political, economic and cultural center, the more beautiful the annals of Nanjing add the edges of the pen.

1853年,洪秀全领导的太平军攻克南京,定都南京为天京。1864年,清兵攻克天京,太平天国在南京的十一年,谱写了悲壮的天国恩仇录。

In 1853, Hong captured Nanjing Taiping leadership, capital of Nanjing as Tianjing. In 1864, the Qing capture Tianjing Taiping in Nanjing eleven years, has written a tragic record of heaven hatred.

1912年春,孙中山在辛亥革命取得成功后,于南京就任中华民国临时大总统, 1927年,北伐军克南京,国民政府成立正式定都南京。南京又一次成为全国政治、经济、文化的中心。

The spring of 1912, Sun Yat-sen, after the success of the Revolution, in Nanjing became the Provisional President of the Republic of China, in 1927, the Northern Expedition grams Nanjing, the Nationalist government set up official capital in Nanjing. Nanjing once again become the country's political, economic and cultural center.

“钟山风雨起苍黄,百万雄师过大江”,1949年4月23日南京解放了。一部屈辱的中国近代史是从签订第一个不平等的《南京条约》的开始,随着人民解放军解放南京而宣告结束。

"Zhongshan wind and rain from greenish yellow, Baiwanxiongshi over the River", April 23, 1949 in Nanjing liberated. A humiliation of Chinese modern history starting from the signing of the first unequal "Treaty of Nanking", with the People's Liberation Army and the liberation of Nanjing ended.

 

 

 

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