Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province, the ancient and vibrant, historical and cultural city and a modern metropolis blend coincide. The United Nations has been awarded the "Habitat Environment Special Award", won the honorary title of National Top Ten Health City, the comprehensive improvement of urban environment ten cities nationwide, the National Garden City, outstanding tourist city, environmental protection model city and so on.
南京地处长江三角洲，距入海口380公里，为我国东西水运大动脉 长江与南北陆运大动脉京沪铁路的交汇点，素有“东南门户，南北咽喉”之称。南京处三面环山 , 一面临水山环水绕的河谷盆地，境内山峦环抱，湖川偎依，自然条件优越，物产丰富，属于北亚热带季风气候区，日照充分，雨量充沛。气候温和湿润是四季分明的旅游城市。
Nanjing Yangtze River Delta, 380 km away from the estuary, to the intersection of the main artery of the Yangtze River waterway stuff and north-south Beijing-Shanghai railway land aorta, known as the "gateway to the southeast, north and south of the throat," said. Nanjing place surrounded by mountains, facing the water mountain water ring around the valley basin, surrounded by the territory of mountains, lakes River snuggled superior natural conditions, rich, belonging to north subtropical monsoon climate, sunshine and abundant rainfall. It is mild and humid climate with four distinct seasons tourist city.
Sun Yat-sen in Nanjing once this praise: "The position is a goodness in the region, which places high mountains, deep water, plains, three works of nature, a bell Yu, Cheng metropolis in the world of hard to find this nirvana too. "
229 years pioneered Soochow Sun Quan became the first capital of the dynasty in Nanjing. 317, Sima Rui's reign, the Eastern Jin Dynasty capital Jiankang, then, Song, Qi, Liang and Chen have capital in Nanjing, it is known as the Six Dynasties ancient capital Nanjing. Six Dynasties Jiankang city as the world's largest city, with a population of one million. Economic development, cultural prosperity, temples everywhere, "Jiangnan Pageant, Jinling imperial state," the scene passed down for a thousand years. 589, Sui off Chen. Emperor Wen set 石建康 city of Chiang states, when Emperor to Danyang County. Thereafter Sui and Tang dynasties rulers moved to Guangling Yangzhou legacy from Jinling, Nanjing was once canceled formed at the state level. It has repeatedly undertaken Nanjing Chinese civilization "salvation" mission. Once the Central Plains and northern nomads have been the impact of Nanjing will become Huaxia cultural refuge in the southern Chinese culture preserved Zhengshuo. Once the country to regain the unified pattern, traditional Chinese civilization that is restored in the Central Plains.
937, Xu Zhigao (Li Lei) Southern Tang statehood, capital of Nanking, Jinling change government for the Jiangning House. Although the Southern surviving for 38 years, it has experienced three generations of emperors, but the sad words of the United States Li Yu lost his country not without influence on the development of Song, "Memories can be misery, exactly is The Spring River Flows East" Millennium farewell.
In 1368, the emperor in Yingtian emperor, the country for the next set to be Tianfu capital, Nanjing first became a national political, economic and cultural center, the more beautiful the annals of Nanjing add the edges of the pen.
In 1853, Hong captured Nanjing Taiping leadership, capital of Nanjing as Tianjing. In 1864, the Qing capture Tianjing Taiping in Nanjing eleven years, has written a tragic record of heaven hatred.
The spring of 1912, Sun Yat-sen, after the success of the Revolution, in Nanjing became the Provisional President of the Republic of China, in 1927, the Northern Expedition grams Nanjing, the Nationalist government set up official capital in Nanjing. Nanjing once again become the country's political, economic and cultural center.
"Zhongshan wind and rain from greenish yellow, Baiwanxiongshi over the River", April 23, 1949 in Nanjing liberated. A humiliation of Chinese modern history starting from the signing of the first unequal "Treaty of Nanking", with the People's Liberation Army and the liberation of Nanjing ended.