collaboration (on poverty alleviation) between the eastern and western regions
译文：Government investment is the major input and plays a guiding role. We have strengthened collaboration between the eastern and western regions. We have reinforced the efforts of Party and government institutions directed towards designated regions, buttressed the role of the military and armed police forces, and extended the participation of social forces. (from the speech at the Seminar on Targeted Poverty Elimination, February 12, 2018)
government-sponsored projects, sector-specific programs, and corporate and societal assistance
译文：Both the government and society play their roles to the full, with government-sponsored projects, sector-specific programs, and corporate and societal assistance supplementing each other. We have mobilized all sectors and coordinated the market and society, so a poverty alleviation framework with extensive social participation is now in place. (from the speech at the Seminar on Targeted Poverty Elimination, February 12, 2018)
• poverty alleviation through business development
• poverty alleviation by developing industries and businesses
• to help the poor population by developing businesses
译文：We have strengthened poverty alleviation by developing industries and businesses that leverage local strengths, including new models of poverty alleviation such as tourism, photovoltaic technology, and e-commerce programs. This approach has strengthened poor areas’ endogenous vitality and motivation for development. (from the speech at the Seminar on Targeted Poverty Elimination, February 12, 2018)
to help the poor population by developing the eco-economy
译文：We should advance targeted policy implementation. We should take into consideration local conditions, and apply different measures for different villages, households, and individuals. Solid work should be done to help the poor population by developing businesses, relocating them from inhospitable areas, creating more job opportunities, renovating dilapidated houses, improving education and health care, and developing the eco-economy. (from the speech at the Seminar on Targeted Poverty Elimination, February 12, 2018)
The effort to deliver the Two Assurances and Three Guarantees should be based on a clear knowledge of the actual situation and any pressing problems. But in some localities, things remain vague. This is not acceptable.
All regions should be flexible and take their own realities into consideration rather than imposing a uniform requirement.
We should improve our approach to the fight against poverty by providing jobs instead of giving grants, and by rewarding and subsidizing productive activities, so that the poor get more involved in poverty alleviation programs. We cannot do their work for them or simply dole out money and supplies. Instead we must encourage more pay for more work.
We should work harder and direct more attention to the most prominent problems, identifying gaps and improving weaknesses one by one and from household to household.