the working mechanism whereby the central leadership makes overall plans, provincial authorities take overall responsibility, and city and county authorities take charge of implementation
译文：We will continue the working mechanism whereby the central leadership makes overall plans, provincial authorities take overall responsibility, and city and county authorities take charge of implementation. The central leadership produces the top-level design in two respects: establishing policies and providing funds for local poverty eradication on the one hand, and tightening oversight over the evaluation of results on the other. Provincial authorities make action plans in accordance with central policies, and guide and supervise implementation. City and county authorities take specific measures based on local conditions to ensure that all poverty alleviation policies and plans will deliver. (from the speech at the Seminar on Targeted Poverty Elimination, February 12, 2018)
Two Assurances and Three Guarantees
译文：The Two Assurances and Three Guarantees refer to assurances of adequate food and clothing, and guarantees of access to compulsory education, basic medical services and safe housing for impoverished rural residents.
译文：The CPC Central Committee has reiterated on many occasions that in the final stage of the fight against poverty, the standards are set to deliver the Two Assurances and Three Guarantees, and bring key indicators of basic public services in poor areas close to the national average. (from the speech at the Seminar on Targeted Poverty Elimination, February 12, 2018)
• to eradicate extreme poverty
• to eliminate absolute poverty
译文：Our goals are: Firstly, we will help all rural population defined as poor by current standards to emerge from poverty, thus eradicating extreme poverty; secondly, we will help all impoverished counties out of poverty, thus eliminating regional poverty. (from the speech at the Seminar on Targeted Poverty Elimination, February 12, 2018)
to address regional poverty
译文：The number of impoverished counties has dropped for the first time, with 28 emerging from poverty in 2016, and it is estimated that 2017 will see around 100 more such cases when the final evaluation is complete. This shows our solid progress in addressing regional poverty. (from the speech at the Seminar on Targeted Poverty Elimination, February 12, 2018)
to (help impoverished people/the poor) access education and build aspirations
译文：Impoverished people are both recipients and implementers of poverty alleviation. We should help them access education and build aspirations. We should boost their enthusiasm and initiative, and motivate and guide them to improve their lives through their own efforts, so as to make the poverty eradication process an internally sustainable force. (from the speech at the Seminar on Targeted Poverty Elimination, February 12, 2018)
The poverty standards are an important gauge for deciding targets and measures, and also for evaluating the results of poverty elimination.
We must stick to these standards from beginning to end and ensure sustainable results, neither lowering the bar nor setting expectations too high.
Often substantial in value and covering many areas and locations, poverty alleviation funds are managed over a long course, making their supervision difficult and thus attracting wide attention. We should strengthen supervision to ensure that the use of funds is transparent and clean.
By strengthening guidance through regular communication sessions and material rewards, we will encourage the poor to learn from and catch up with each other, and motivate them to rise out of poverty as soon as possible.