文物翻译

翻译原则:忠实准确统一 民族性       汉语拼音+英文对应词 简洁性       言简意赅 信息性     […]

翻译原则:忠实准确统一

  • 民族性       汉语拼音+英文对应词
  • 简洁性       言简意赅
  • 信息性       见名明义
  • 回译性

陶    pottery

瓷    porcelain

原始瓷  proto-porcelain

成熟青瓷  mature celadon

高温瓷    high-fired glazed ware

低温陶    low-fired pottery

新石器时代    Neolithic Times

夹炭黑陶 charcoal-mixed black pottery

印纹硬陶 impressed pottery

铅釉陶    lead-glazed pottery

熏炉 incense burner

罐    jar

单色釉    monochrome glaze

彩色釉陶 poly-chrome glazed pottery

颜色釉    color porcelain

青白釉    porcelain with a bluish-white glaze

豆青釉    bean-green

青瓷 green ware

绿釉 green glaze

白釉 white glaze

红釉 red glaze

青釉 celadon

德化白瓷 blanc de China

甜白瓷    sweet white

秘色瓷    secrete color celadon

定窑 Ding ware

汝窑 Ru ware

官窑 Guan ware (还有一个官窑,意义不同,为official kiln)

窑   kiln

民窑 folk kiln

哥窑开片 crackles

三足…    tri-legged

青花瓷    underglaze blue design / blue and whiteporcelain

釉里红    underglazed red

青花釉里红    underglaze blue & red

瓷盘   porcelain plate

青瓷釉口盘   celadon-glazed dish

青釉葵瓣口盘    the celadon plate with a mouth in the shape of mallow petals

釉上彩 overglazed …

珊瑚红 coral red glazed …

郎窑红 oxblood

斗彩 contrasting color / designs outlined inunderglaze blue and filled in with overglaze colors

五彩 famille verte

粉彩 famille rose

珐琅彩 enamel decorate

卵白 egg-white glaze

影青瓷 light-blue porcelain

祭红 sacrificial-red porcelain

薄胎瓷,蛋壳瓷   eggshell china

细瓷  fine china

月光瓷  moonlight china

类玉石  quasi-jade (前缀quasi - ,意思是almost; seemingly)

珊瑚  coral

玳瑁  hawksbill

彩石  color stones

大理石  marble

制作工艺

胎体 clay body

陶片 pottery shards

弦纹 … with string pattern

镂孔 … with openwork design

人形 … with human figure pattern

曲折纹    … with zigzag pattern

圆圈纹    … with ring pattern

鸟纹 … with bird pattern

缠枝纹    … with interlaced floral design

刻花 … with carved design

划花 … with incised design

堆塑 … with modeled design

堆贴、贴花    … with applied design

印花 … with moulded design

剔花 … with raffito design

几何纹    … with geometric pattern

透雕 openwork

露胎贴    unglazed appliqué

绞胎 marbled pottery

堆纹 modeling

压印 impressing

贴印 appliqué

加彩 coloring

剔地 cut-off ground

剪纸贴花 papercut

油滴斑    oil-drop iron crystals

白地黑花 black design on a white ground

元素 agent (such as copper, iron)

碎片 fragment

灰胎黑陶衣    grey clay with a black coating

烧成温度 firing temperature

光泽 luster

苏麻离    Smalt

黑斑 speckle

粗瓷石    crude China stone

涩胎瓷雕 unglazed ceramic sculpture

雕刻 engrave

加工 refining

成型 modeling

装饰 decorating

烧成 fining

补水 water-supplying

勾线 drawing

打箍 hooping

分水 dark-light-processing

青花料    cobalt

龙窑 dragon kiln

柴窑 wood kiln

炉膛 hearth

氧化期    oxidation period

陈腐 aging

揉泥 kneading

拉坯 throwing

修坯 trimming

印模 impressing

叠烧 up-stacked firing

云母 mica

内底 interior base

支钉 spur

芒口 unglazed rim

碗口 mouth rim

覆烧 up-side-down firing

方格图案;格纹;绘着方格纹  check

花纹包括方格纹、菱形纹、波浪纹、条纹、绳纹等  Designs included checks, rhombi and wave patterns, stripes and cord impressions

多节的;多层的     multi - sectioned

各种各样的       multiform

多边的;多方面的   multilateral

多色釉           multi - coloured glaze

复层花纹         multi -layered decorations

青铜器

镏金  gilt bronze

爵    wine vessel

鼎    food vessel (所有的青铜器名称不宜用拼音介绍,最好介绍其用途)

璧    bi - disk

圭    gui - tablet

鼎    ding - cooking vessel

方彝  fang yi - wine container

兽面纹    animal mask

戈    dagger-axe

饰品  ornament

范    clay molds

分铸  casting in several pours

合金铸造 bimetallic casting

卣 wine container

匜 gourd-shaped ladle

罍 ampulla

斝 wine cup

鼎 tripod

尊 wine container

象尊  Elephant-Shaped Zun – Wine Container

瓿 bù - wine container

觚 wine vessel

盉 ancient utensil

附耳 side handle

立耳 standing  handle

舍利 sarira

袈裟 Gauze Kasaya

莲瓣纹    … with carved lotus petals

窖藏 hoard

画像石    painted stone relief

拜火教    parseeism

陶俑 pottery figurine / pottery

木俑 painted wood

天王 Lokapala / heavenly guardian

镇墓兽    tomb guardian beast

辟邪 evil spirit exorciser

石碑 stele

泥塑 clay

水墨画    ink and wash

壁画 fresco

图卷 hand scroll

图册 album leaves

图轴 hanging scroll

高僧 lofty monks

书画  calligraphy and painting

(人的)字    designated name

(人的)号    literary name

墓室 coffin chamber

少数民族

蜡染 batik

漆器 lacquer ware

竹器 bamboo plaited vessel

家具

宝座 throne chair

柜子 cabinet

屏风 screen set

货币

刀币 sword-shaped coin

布币 spade-shaped coin

藏品 collection

赝品 shoddy substitute

收藏家 collector

手工艺品   artifact

一级文物 grade-one cultural relic

文物保护   preservation of cultural relics

陶瓷制品   ceramic

故宫博物院   Palace Museum

文化部   Ministry of Culture

国家文物局   State Administration of Cultural Heritage

紫禁城   Forbidden City

古董、古玩   antique

文物;古物;古董;古迹   antiquity

恢复原状   repristination

考古学家   archaeologist

人类学家   anthropologist

(对自然环境、文物古迹的)保护主义者   preservationist

世界文化遗产基金会   World Monuments Fund

成为废墟、遭到严重破坏   in ruins

历史遗迹、遗址   historical site

人为因素;人文要素   human elements

无价的、极贵重的   priceless

杰作   masterpiece

人为误差   human error

失职;疏忽职守   dereliction of duty

内部调查   internal investigation

测试设备   testing equipment

操作失误   operational error

非物质文化遗产   the intangible cultural heritage

保护非物质文化遗产公约   Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage

世界遗产大会  World Heritage Convention

国家宝藏  National Treasures

各种釉彩大瓶:Large Vase with Variegated Glazes

千里江山图:A Thousand Miles of Rivers and Mountains

石鼓:Stone Drums of Qin

越王勾践剑:Sword of Goujian

睡虎地秦墓竹简:Shuihudi Qin bamboo texts

曾侯乙编钟:Bianzhong of Marquis Yi of Zeng

妇好鸮尊: Fuhao" Owl-shaped bronze Zun, wine container

贾湖骨笛: Bone flute at Jiahu

云纹铜镜:Bronze Jin with cloud design

杜虎符:Bronze Tiger-shaped Tally

葡萄花鸟纹银香囊:Siilver Censer with Openwork Design of Grapes and Flying birds

阙楼图: Paint on the Gate Tower

洛神赋图:Painting of Goddess Luo Rhapsody Aesthetic

门书翰卷:Unknown Copy of Calligraphy by Wan Xizhi

铜鎏金木芯马镫:Gilt stirrups with wood core

皿方罍: The "Min er quan" Fangle

辛追墓T形帛画:T-shaped painting on silk from Xin Zhui’s tomb

长沙窑青釉褐彩诗文执壶:Brown colored porcelain ewer with poem design

缂丝莲塘乳鸭图:Silk Tapestry of Lotus Pond and Ducks

商鞅方升:Fangsheng (a vessel measuring volume) of Shang Yang

大克鼎:Da Ke Ding (food vessel)

彩凤鸣岐”七弦琴:Afterglow-style ‘Caifeng Mingqi’ seven-stringed guqin

良渚文化玉琮王: Jue (penannular jade ring)

民国万工轿: Wangong sedan chair made in Ningbo

足踏飞燕铜奔马(汉)   galloping horse with hind-hoof on a swallow

彩绘船图罐  Jar painted with a boat

食器

夔纹鼎Tripod with Kui Pattern

兽面纹分裆鼎Tripod with Animal MaskPat-tern

蝉纹鼎Tripod with Cicada Pattern

交宁父乙方鼎Jiaoningfuyi Square Tripod

龙纹大鼎Tripod with Dragon Pattern

大盂鼎Yu Tripod (big)

错金云纹鼎Tripod with Gold-thread-inlaid Clouds Pattern

利簋LiGui——Food Container

牛首四耳簋Ox-head Shaped Gui with four Ears-Food Container

球体三足敦Globe-shaped Dui with Three Legs

酒器

父辛爵Fuxin Jue——Wine Container

凤柱斝Jia with two Phoenix-shaped Pillars

蜗体龙纹尊Snail-shaped Zun with Dragon Pattern

三足鸟尊Zun in Three Legged Bird Shape

鲤鱼尊Zun in Carp Shape

长颈提梁卣Long-necked You with a Loop Handle

几父壶Jifu Pot

狩猎纹壶Pot with Hunting Design

兵器

铜矛 Bronze Spear

铜剑 Bronze Sword

铜盾牌 Bronze Shield

铜勾 Bronze Hook

铜弩 Bronze Crossbow

 


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