中式英语之鉴 || 不必要的名词

不必要的名词
大多数不必要的名词不是单独出现的, 而是和冠词或介词组成的短语。
A: to accelerate the pace of economic reform
B: to accelerate economic reform
"to accelerate" = "to increase the pace of"
A: there have been good harvests in agriculture
B: there have been good harvests
"harvest"的意思包含了"agriculture"
A: living standards for the people in both urban and rural areas continued to rise
B: living standards in both urban and rural areas continued to rise
生活标准当然是指人类的啦
有一些不必要的名词不是那么容易找出, 但是稍微想一下就会发现它们在句子中无关紧要。
A: following the realization of mechanization and electrification of agriculture
B: following the mechanization and electrification of agriculture
A: it is essential to strengthen the building of national defense
B: it is essential to strengthen national defense
A: these constitute important conditions in striving for the fulfillment of the general task in
the transitional period
B: these constitute important conditions for the fulfillment of the general task in the
transitional period
需要特别提到的是范畴名词, 在中式英语中是最普遍的。 在这种句式中, 第一个名词预示着第二个名词的种类, 但却是读者明显就知道的意思:
A: promoting the cause of peaceful reunification
B: promoting peaceful reunification
A: reforms in the sphere of the economy
B: reforms in the economy
A: to ensure a relationship of close cooperation between…
B: to ensure close cooperation between…


笔记来源: @一只少女哩

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