The Young Terrors of Tech Grow a Bit Older, and Wiser
Several years ago, a plastic figurine began appearing around Google’s offices, an aging alien with gray hair, a Google Glass headset and a sign that read, “Get Off My Lawn!”
The doll, a special edition of Google’s Android mascot, was a jokey tribute to the Greyglers, a group for the 40-and-over crowd at Google, and the doll hinted at how it felt to be an older worker in tech: funny, self-conscious, a little out of place.
The Greyglers still exist, but they’re no longer such an anomaly. Sundar Pichai, Google’s 45-year-old chief executive, would fit in the group. So would Larry Page and Sergey Brin, who co-founded the search engine as graduate students two decades ago; Susan Wojcicki, an early employee who runs YouTube; and most of the company’s other high-ranking executives.
灰发谷歌族依然存在，但他们已经不再那样与众不同。现年45岁的谷歌首席执行官桑达尔・皮查伊(Sundar Pichai)符合这个群体。二十年前在读研究生期间共同创立了这个搜索引擎的拉里・佩奇(Larry Page)和谢尔盖・布林(Sergey Brin)也符合这个群体；负责运营YouTube的早期员工苏珊・沃西基(Susan Wojcicki)，以及该公司其他大部分高级管理人员，都属于这个群体。
For years, the self-appointed leaders of Silicon Valley were young people ― mostly men ― with age-appropriate behavior. They adopted brash mottos like “move fast and break things” and eschewed work-life balance in favor of all-night hacking sessions in offices that looked more like college dorms. Their successes were cheered, and their sins were shrugged off as the cost of innovation.
“Young people are just smarter,” Mark Zuckerberg crowed back in 2007, when he was the 22-year-old wunderkind behind a fledgling social network.
Now, of course, Facebook is a global powerhouse, and the company’s pursuit of growth at all costs has led to some truly dire consequences around the world and fueled a larger backlash against tech. At the same time, Zuckerberg has disproved his own theory. Now 33, he is still not old by any measure (except perhaps his own). But he is a smarter and more self-aware leader than he was a decade ago, and he has shown more willingness to accept responsibility for the company’s mistakes. After years of moving fast and breaking things, Facebook is at least acknowledging its flaws and trying, albeit clumsily, to fix them. That’s a start.
There’s a lot of growing up happening in today’s tech industry, where former whiz kids made their fortunes and are now settling down, starting families and starting to think about their legacies. Tech’s workforce remains young ― according to PayScale, the median employee at the five largest tech companies is around 30, roughly a decade younger than the median American worker ― but the industry’s leaders have gotten older, and are seemingly more attuned to the power they wield.
“Five years ago, there was no talk of empathy or moral responsibility,” said Om Malik, a venture capitalist who has written about the tech industry for years.
In recent weeks, I spoke to numerous industry insiders about this coming of age. Here’s what I learned.
Gregor Hochmuth, 33, an early engineer at Instagram, said some of today’s internet giants had grown up with positive-thinking cultures that left them vulnerable to abuse.
“The idea that a product could make your life worse was not in anyone’s perception,” said Hochmuth, who left Instagram in 2014.
That perspective helps explain the shock many founders felt when the internet grew into the foundation of global culture and commerce, and products they had built as quirky experiments became pieces of critical infrastructure.
“No one was thinking about ‘Wow, in 15 years, billions of people are going to be using this site every day,'” said Andrew McCollum, 34, one of Facebook’s founders, who left the company in 2006 and is now the chief executive of Philo, an internet TV company. “The goal was ‘How do we create something great?’ ― not ‘What’s our plan for world domination?'”
You could chalk these statements up to self-interest. But Maureen Taylor, a leadership communication expert who frequently coaches tech executives, said this kind of earnest self-examination was becoming more frequent among founders.
“As you get older, you realize your responsibilities are bigger,” she said. “People are becoming very thoughtful about the ramifications of technology, and remembering that the whole point was to make the world a better place.”
The tech industry’s stereotypical accessory used to be the hoodie. Today, it might as well be the Baby Bjorn. There are a lot of new parents among tech elites, including Zuckerberg and Kevin Systrom, 34, a co-founder of Instagram. (Evan Spiegel, the 27-year-old chief executive of Snap, is expecting his first child this year.) And parenthood seems to be shaping their attitudes. In an interview with The New York Times this year, Zuckerberg cited his children as one of the reasons he was so focused on fixing Facebook.
在过去，科技行业标配是一件卫衣。而现在，可能就是一件婴儿背带。在科技精英之中，有许多人初为父母，包括扎克伯格和Instagram公司34岁的联合创始人凯文・斯特罗姆(Kevin Systrom)。（27岁的Snap首席执行官埃文・斯皮格尔[Evan Spiegel]今年将迎来第一个孩子。）而父母的身份似乎也影响了他们的观念。今年，扎克伯格在接受《纽约时报》采访时说，他的孩子是他如此专注于纠正Facebook的原因之一。
“It’s important to me that when Max and August grow up that they feel like what their father built was good for the world,” Zuckerberg said.
Silicon Valley works a bit like a forest ― as old trees decay and die, they decompose and fertilize the next generation of growth. And today’s largest tech companies are beginning to show their age. Facebook is 14 years old, and Twitter is 12. Google, at 20, is now nearly as old as Microsoft was in 1998, when Google was started.
The tech industry’s maturity may be a sign of cyclical renewal. Fifteen years ago, Larry Ellison ― the billionaire co-founder of Oracle, and the enfant terrible of an earlier generation of tech moguls ― denounced what he saw as Silicon Valley’s slow-footed stagnation. (The tech industry was “as large as it’s going to be,” he predicted.)
Ellison was wrong, of course. Tech wasn’t stagnant, but the generation of mature companies that included Oracle was on its way to being eclipsed by newer and scrappier ventures.
If history is any indication, that cycle will repeat itself and a new crop of young tech leaders will emerge. But hopefully they’ll learn from the mistakes made by their predecessors. Technology is too important now, and we can’t afford another generation of naïveté.